All about Hanukkah

Chanukah is a Jewish holiday with eight days of thanksgiving, instituted by the sages of Israel at the time of the Second Temple to commemorate the victory of the Hasmonean Revolt, the re-inauguration of the Temple and the miracle of the oil.
Date of holiday – when is the holiday celebrated?
The holiday is celebrated in the eight days from the 5th of Kislev until the 2nd of Tevet or the 3rd of Tevet, because the month of Kislev is 30 days and sometimes 29 days, according to changes in the Jewish calendar year.

What is the origin of the name of Chanukah?

The source of the name of Chanukah is – on behalf of Hanukkah, apparently on Hanukkah from the dedication of the altar, which was held after the conquest and purification of the Temple by the Maccabees, which commemorates the date of the holiday. There were those who demanded the name of the holiday as the initials – eight candles and Halacha as the House of Hillel. (Halacha as the House of Hillel that each day adds a candle, and does not diminish, according to the Beit Shammai method).

Additional names for Chanukah

Another name for these days, less common, is the “holiday of the birds,” which was first documented by the historian Josephus. For the holiday there are additional names: “Heroic Day” – in commemoration of the heroism of the Maccabees, “The Feast of Miracles” – in commemoration of the miracle of the oil can, “the holiday of the Maccabees”.
The feast of the Urim for what?

Why celebrate Hanukkah?

In 167 BCE, the Hasmoneans began to lead the uprising against the Seleucid rule of the Land of Israel, known as the “Hasmonean Revolt,” against the backdrop of decrees of destruction, prohibitions imposed by the foreign government on Jewish observance. In 164 BCE (the third year of the Hebrew calendar in the Hebrew calendar), the rebels succeeded in liberating Jerusalem and the Temple from the rule of the Greeks and the Greeks, under whose rule the Temple had been operating for three years.

The holiday in the sources

The first sources that tell of the historical events and the determination of Hanukkah as a holiday are the books of the Maccabees (Maccabees) 1 and 2. These are two external books that are not included in the Bible, which have been preserved in the Greek language over the years and have been translated into Hebrew in modern times.

The history and character of the holiday

Chanukah was determined by the Hasmoneans to mark their victory over the Greeks, and as a Jew and a joy for the renewal of holy service in the Temple. The primary character of the holiday was both religious and national. Thanks to the Hasmonean heroism, Jewish sovereignty in Jerusalem was renewed and the dedication of the altar was made possible.

During the exile, the sages of Israel rejected any attempt to renew Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel by force, and the emphasis on the festival was transferred to the religious aspect. The miracle of the cruse of oil became the main motif of the holiday, from which the symbols and customs of the holiday were derived.

In the modern era, the Zionist movement adopted the national aspect of the holiday and limited the religious aspect. Chanukah became a symbol of Jewish heroism and the ability of the Jewish people to defeat its enemies, defeat assimilation and renew its sovereignty in the Land of Israel.

Gifts for the New Year Jewish Holiday

New Year’s holidays are an ideal time to find ideas for gifts inspired by the rich Jewish tradition. Ideas for gifts from Judaica are especially suitable for the new year when the family gathers together. The holidays of Tishrei make us closer again to the Judaism sentiment that exists in each and every one; This connection is well expressed by ideas for special gifts that relate in one way or another to the values ​​and cultural baggage of Judaism.

The New Year carries the scent of new beginnings. At the same time, the passing time indicated by the New Year’s holidays reminds us of the connection between the past and the future. When we are looking for new year gift ideas, gifts of special value will be welcomed by any gift recipient. This is also an opportunity to distribute advertising products that fit the spirit of the holiday season. The many opportunities at which gifts can be given at the beginning of the year give us the opportunity to seek gift ideas that express the values ​​we wish to preserve and pass on. Gift ideas can stem from a desire to share long-standing values ​​with family and friends. The holidays of Tishrei are a time of family reunion, a time when the family unites from far and near; Is there a more appropriate time for ideas for gifts that draw inspiration from the family values ​​that we all share?

The New Year encourages us to rise above the obstacles of consumer culture and to seek gift ideas even in places that are not in the center of attention. New Year gift ideas will be much more special if they express value ideas and will not only address consumer fever. Ideas for gifts from Judaica are ideas for such gifts. In the field of Judaica, ideas can be found for special gifts that will stand out above the traditional and traditional ones. Ideas for special gifts from Judaica also answer the need to find the right gift for a certain time. For New Year’s dinner, it is better to think about gift ideas that are relevant to this important event than to make do with the kind of gift ideas that can be given all year round and at every opportunity.

Turning to Judaica to look for ideas for special gifts can make it much easier for desperate seekers. Judaica offers a variety of ideas for gifts of various kinds. In this area, there are ideas for artistic gifts that are designed to suit a large part of the public, and therefore there is little chance of error. In this field, it is also possible to find ideas for gifts suitable for those who wish to maintain contact with Jewish tradition, even if they do not observe all the commandments. Ideas for gifts such as a kiddush cup, candlesticks or Havdalah candles are not gift ideas intended only for devout religious people; Many Israelis respect Jewish tradition enough and will be very happy with ideas for such special gifts. In the field of Judaica, there are other ideas for gifts whose connection to religion is slightly more dim: calendars designed in a unique way, paintings that revived the near and far past that seems lost forever and more. On the other hand, you can find ideas for gifts such as holy books to suit those who are more interested in religion and its various components.

Searching for gift ideas in the field of Judaica has many advantages. In this field you can find a variety of value-added gift ideas, a link to this time of year and the Jewish tradition. Moreover, the variety of gift ideas in Judaica makes it easier to search and ensures success in finding the right gift.

Health Resolutions you have to make for the new year!

How many times have you broken your New Year targets? Not anymore! This year try to make better choices than the previous year. To begin with, you must prioritize your health since it is the epitome of everything good in your life. Let us look at some 5 important health tips for the upcoming year resolutions.

1.Don’t smoke

Smoking exposes you to contracting serious illnesses such as cancer and heart disease which can be fatal. However, quitting can be difficult with some people having withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can be headaches, craving for nicotine, and irritability.
Apart from lowering the risk of developing cancer and heart diseases, some health benefits of quitting smoking include:
•Good sex life by decreasing the risk of erectile dysfunction and increasing genital lubrication.
•Improved breath and whiter teeth.
•Increased body immune system.
•Better blood circulation within 2 – 12 weeks, thus lowering the risk of heart disease.

2.Reduce consumption of Alcohol and Caffeine

Research carried out in 2014 in various countries concluded that drinking moderate amount of alcohol is actually healthy. Moderate amounts in older people leads to better thinking skills. However, heavy drinking exposes you to dangerous diseases like dementia.
Dementia causes loss of brain tissue connected to memory and recognizing shapes and object distance. Also, alcohol hampers the absorption of vitamin B in the body and has been directly linked to liver cirrhosis.
Caffeine, mostly found in coffee in our diets can hamper the absorptions of important minerals. These include magnesium, iron, and calcium.

3.Buy comfortable shoes that are good for running

When choosing a running shoe, you should mainly consider how comfortable they are instead of the price. Comfortable shoes can help you prevent unnecessary injury that can negatively affect your daily activities. However, there is nothing as “perfect” running shoe since every runner has a unique way of training and running style.
The best running shoe mostly depends on the size and the shape of your foot. Also consider the amount of running you are expected to do. Running shoe is supposed to support your feet from landing shock 2.5 times your body weight. Also, they provide traction on the surface (road or trails).

4.Physical activity – walk an hour a day

Surely, this is one of the easiest ways of staying healthy and physically fit. Walking for at least an hour everyday can help repair old DNA and give you additional 7 years to your lifespan. This is according to a research presented at the ESC congress (European Society of Cardiology). It recommended a 20-minute to 1 hour daily walk.
Also, walking everyday has health benefits including:
•Reduced risk of contracting coronary heart disease.
•Improved blood pressure and sugar levels.
•Lowering the risk of obesity through burning of excess fats.
•Enhance blood lipid profile.
•Reduced risk to osteoporosis.
•Reduced risk to colon and breast cancer.

5.Drink more water

Keeping your body well hydrated is important in keeping all organs properly functioning and may help you eat less. However, drinking eight glasses a day as per our normal knowledge could be difficult. Therefore, try making it a daily habit of drinking a glass of water after waking up in the morning and when feeling hungry.
In conclusion, if you include these 5 health tips in the list of your New Year resolutions then you are sure to reap great rewards. Keeping up with these resolutions can be challenging. However, you must keep on trying over and over again to achieve your desired results.

What is a Jewish identity ?

Many Israelis – secular and religious, observant and Torah observant – have different answers to the question of what is Jewish identity today, in Israel of 2010. The answers are many and varied: Some will say that Jewish identity is the mark of Jewish holidays; Others will argue that Jewish identity is the observance of all the commandments of the Torah; There will also be those who say that Jewish identity is to live in the country and to preserve the Jewish folklore from the mother’s home.

But is there a Jewish identity that exceeds the sum of the answers that define it? Is it possible to speak of a Jewish identity that is a little bit of this and a little of that, a bit of the answer of one and a bit of the other? The basic fact is that most Israelis, from all sectors and all political parties, believe that Jewish identity is derived first of all from Jewish life. And when Jews live with each other, the very partnership gives them the ability to decide together what their Jewish identity is and what it includes.

The idea of ​​an independent Jewish life is new, historically. Jewish identity in its limited sense existed only in countries where Jews were a minority. For two thousand years there was a Jewish identity out of the fact that the Jews had to define themselves not out of their attitude toward themselves but toward the government and society that surrounded them. Today, Jews live with one another in an independent framework, and the emphasis on defining Jewish identity is derived from the new concept of a Jewish state. A concept of only 62 years, a trivial time in historical terms.

If Jewish identity is a worthy subject for discussion and dispute resolution, and assuming that those interested in asking what Jewish identity is interested in discussing such questions with Jews as such, it is important to understand that discussion among Jews in their independent state is not trivial. As such, the right of people to offer different and even conflicting answers to the question of Jewish identity in our time is an essential part of the matter.

Ozen Haman Recipe for Purim

Here are four types of dough for Haman’s ears:

1) Making excellent dough for the ears of manna and fur

Mix and knead well the ingredients:
1 kg of plain flour
2 margarine without salt (soft)
1 bag of baking powder
1 bag of vanilla sugar
2 cups of sugar
3 eggs
1 cup water.

2) dough added to the ears of manna fur

To knead together the following materials:
1 kg of plain flour
4 proteins (white)
1 bag of vanilla sugar
1 bag of baking powder
1 cup sugar
1 melted margarine
1 cup oil
1 cup water.

3) Dairy dough

Mix the following ingredients:
1 cup sugar
2 packs of flour
2 margarine in soft gold
Standard sour cream
3 eggs
2 vanilla sugar
Scorched orange peel

4) Crispy pastry to the ears of milky manna

Mix all the following ingredients:
1 pack flour flourish
1 cup sugar
1 white (or plain cream)
1 margarine without salt, soft
1 egg
A little vanilla and rum extract.

Here’s how to make the dough:
Add flour, if necessary, flatten and open the dough leaf with a rolling pin, cut circles with a cup, put a poppy or date spread (you buy ready) in the middle of each dough circle, close the shape of the manna ear and bake in a greased 180 degrees.